Modern plaster replica of a late Hellenistic work of ca. 100 BCE. One of several totally imaginative portraits of the blind poet, supposedly from the islad of Chios, who presumably lived and worked in the late 8th century BCE. Homer was said to have composed the Iliad and the Odyssey orally and then to have written them down with the advent of writing. In fact, Homer was in a line of bards in a tradition of oral recitation that stretched from the Mycenaean era of the 13th/12th centuries BCE into the 7th century BCE. One well-preserved Roman copy of this version of the Homer portrait is in the National Archaeological Museum in Naples.